A new report says most Caribbean coral reefs may disappear in the next 20 years. Climate change has long been thought to be the main offender in the alarming rate of coral degradation. But this latest study says over-fishing and pollution are the key culprits, killing off vital grazers like parrotfish and sea urchins. Some scientists say this is good news: there is a clear path to removing these local stressors, including tighter fishing regulations. But others warn that destructive coral bleaching due to rising water temperatures remains a major concern. For this month’s Environmental Outlook: the health and future of our coral reefs.